13 Reasons Why

13 Reasons Why (stylized onscreen as Th1rteen R3asons Why ) is an American drama- mystery web television series based on the 2007 novel Thirteen Reasons Whyby Jay Asher and adapted by Brian Yorkey for Netflix . [2] The series revolves around a high school student, Clay Jensen , and his friend Hannah Baker , a girl who committed suicide after suffering a series of demoralizing circumstances. A box of tapes recorded by Hannah before her suicide details.

Diana Son and Brian Yorkey serve as co-showrunners on the series. The first season consists of thirteen episodes. [3] [4] The series is produced by July Moon Productions, Kicked to the Curb Productions, Anonymous Content and Paramount Television . Originally conceived to be released by Universal Pictures with Selena Gomez in the lead role, the adaptation was picked up as a television series by Netflix in late 2015. Gomez serves as an executive producer. The first season, and the special 13 Reasons Why: Beyond the Reasons , were released worldwide on Netflix on March 31, 2017.

The series HAS RECEIVED Largely positive reviews from critics and audiences, Who Praised ict-have subject matter and cast, PARTICULARLY the two leads, Dylan Minnette and Katherine Langford . [5] It has attracted controversy from some over the series’ graphic depiction of issues such as suicide and rape, along with other mature content. In May 2017, it was announced that the series had been renewed for a second season, scheduled to premiere in 2018. [6]

Premise

Teenager Clay Jensen returns home from school to a mysterious box lying on his porch. Inside, he discovers seven double-sided tapes recorded by Hannah Baker , his classmate and unrequited love , who tragically committed suicide two weeks earlier. Hannah unfolds an emotional audio diary, detailing the thirteen reasons why she decided to end her life. Her instructions are clear: each person who receives the package is one of the reasons why she killed herself. And after each person has completed listening to the tapes, they must pass the package on to the next person. If anyone decides to break the chain, a separate set of tapes will be released to the public.

cast

Hand

  • Dylan Minnette as Clay Jensen [4]
  • Katherine Langford as Hannah Baker [4]
  • Christian Navarro as Tony Padilla [4]
  • Alisha Boe as Jessica Davis [4]
  • Brandon Flynn as Justin Foley [4]
  • Justin Prentice as Bryce Walker [4]
  • Miles Heizer as Alex Standall [7]
  • Ross Butler as Zach Dempsey [4]
  • Devin Druid as Tyler Down [4]
  • Amy Hargreaves as Lainie Jensen [8]
  • Derek Luke as Kevin Porter [7]
  • Kate Walsh as Olivia Baker [7]

Recurring

  • Brian of Arcy James as Andrew “Andy” Baker
  • Josh Hamilton as Matt Jensen
  • Michele Selene as Courtney Crimsen
  • Steven Silver as Marcus Cole
  • Ajiona Alexus as Sheri Holland
  • Tommy Dorfman as Ryan Shaver
  • Sosie Bacon as Skye Miller
  • Brandon Larracuente as Jeff Atkins
  • Timothy Granaderos as Montgomery de la Cruz
  • Steven Weber as Principal Gary Bolan
  • Keiko Agena as Pam Bradley
  • Mark Pellegrino as Sheriff’s Deputy Standall
  • Joseph C. Phillips as Mr. Davis
  • Cindy Cheung as Karen Dempsey
  • Henry Zaga as Brad
  • Robert Gant as Todd Crimsen
  • Wilson Cruz as Dennis Vasquez

Episodes

No. title Directed by Written by Original release date
1 “Tape 1, Side A” Tom McCarthy Brian Yorkey March 31, 2017
Clay Jensen finds a box filled with audiocassette tapes anonymously dropped doorstep On His forehead. He plays the first one In His dad’s boombox and realizes it is His recently deceased classmate Hannah Baker who is talking, before accidentally dropping it and breaking the play button When scared by His Mother. On his friend Tony’s Walkman , which he stole, Clay listens to the first tape, in which Hannah points out the experiences that led to her suicide. She started by sharing the story of her first kiss, which was with Justin Foley, who spread a salacious rumor that began her downward spiral. Clay is revealed, through numerous short flashbacks, to have been in love with hannah and to have worked with her cinema awaiting.


Tape subject : Justin Foley, for spreading a racy picture of Hannah along with a sexual rumor about their encounter.

2 “Tape 1, Side B” Tom McCarthy Brian Yorkey March 31, 2017
On the tape, Hannah reminisces about her friendship with two other new students: Jessica, who moves frequently because her father is in the Air Force , and Alex, whom they put at a coffee shop. Jessica and Alex eventually become an item and stop hanging out with Hannah. When Alex breaks up with Jessica, Jessica blames Hannah. In the present, Hannah’s mother, Olivia, finds a note in her daughter’s textbook that leads her to believe Hannah was being bullied. Bryce Walker’s circle of peers meets with knowledge about Clay listening to Hannah’s recordings.


Tape subject : Jessica Davis, for mistakenly believing that Hannah was the reason for her breakup with Alex.

3 “Tape 2, Side A” Helen Shaver Diana Son March 31, 2017
Hannah’s relationships are threatened by a ‘best / worst list’ made by Alex Standall, who has a “target” on Hannah. In the present, Hannah’s mother, Olivia Baker, seeks out the main school about her suspicion of bullying and makes a disturbing discovery. In the midst of his investigation, Clay turns to Alex for answers, who warns him against trusting Tony, whom Clay later finds in a hostile occurrence. Bryce strong-arms Clay and Alex into a drink-off in an alleyway.


Tape subject : Alex Standall, for listing Hannah’s Jessica Davis Jealous so he could be more popular.

4 “Tape 2, Side B” Helen Shaver Thomas Higgins March 31, 2017
Hannah hears someone outside her window, and confess to her friend, Courtney, That She: has a stalker . Courtney offers to help her catch the creeper in the act. While waiting for the stalker to arrive, they play an alcohol-fueled game of truth or dare which leads them to the making of Hannah’s bed. The stalker, school photographer Tyler Down, takes a picture of the girls and sends it around to the school. This effectively ends Courtney and Hannah’s friendship. In the present day, Clay takes a naked picture of Tyler and sends it around the school as a payback, instead of throwing it as a hannah on the tapes.


Tape subject : Tyler Down, for stalking Hannah and spreading her and Courtney’s kiss photo around the school.

5 “Tape 3, Side A” Kyle Patrick Alvarez Julia Bicknell March 31, 2017
Hannah and Laura, an openly lesbian classmate. Courtney also adds to the rumor about Hannah and Justin, furthering Hannah’s poor reputation. Meanwhile, in the present, Clay takes Courtney to visit Hannah’s grave. She leaves quickly, not ready to face the loss of her classmate and her involvement. Tony arrives with Clay’s bike and gives him a shot with the song he and Hannah danced to at the Winter Formal. Later the boys force Clay into the car with them and scare him into silence about the tapes by driving over the speed limit. They are pulled over by the police but get away with it as the officer is revealed to be Alex’s father.


Tape subject : Courtney Crimsen, for throwing Hannah under the bus to avoid being seen on the kiss photo.

6 “Tape 3, Side B” Kyle Patrick Alvarez Nic Sheff March 31, 2017
Hannah’s date on Valentine’s Day with Marcus does not go as planned due to the rumors that she’s ‘easy’. In the present, Alex gets into a fight with Montgomery and they both have to appear before the student council.


Tape subject : Marcus Cole, for humiliating Hannah in public on their One Dollar Valentine’s date.

7 “Tape 4, Side A” Gregg Araki Elizabeth Benjamin March 31, 2017
After Hannah refuses to go out with Zach, he sabotages her emotionally during a class project. Out of revenge, Clay damages Zach’s car, but in the present, things turn out to be different than they appeared. Clay is having both auditory and visual hallucinations of Hannah during the day.


Tape subject : Zach Dempsey, for stealing the “positive notes” destined to Hannah in Communications for his rejecting and his help.

8 “Tape 4, Side B” Gregg Araki Kirk Moore March 31, 2017
Hannah Ryan Shaver and Ryan Shaver. Ryan betrays her by publishing the poem against her will in her school magazine. In the present day, Tony confides to Clay about the night of Hannah’s death.


Tape subject : Ryan Shaver, for stealing a poem she wrote not her own problems and publishing it in the newspaper without her consent.

9 “Tape 5, Side A” Carl Franklin Hayley Tyler March 31, 2017
While hiding in Jessica’s room during a summer party, Hannah witnesses Bryce Walker raping an unconscious and intoxicated Jessica. In the present, Clay talks to Justin who claims it is better Jessica does not know the truth. Marcus warns Clay the worst is yet to come.


Tape subject : Justin Foley, for allowing Bryce to rape his girlfriend Jessica.

10 “Tape 5, Side B” Carl Franklin Nathan Louis Jackson March 31, 2017
After the party, Hannah gets a ride from Sheri. They get into a small accident and hit a ‘Stop’ sign, but Sheri refuses to call the cops. Jeff Atkins, a friend of Clay’s. When Hannah tries to tell Clay about the ‘Stop’ sign he pushes her away thinking it’s one of her drama moments again. In the present, Jessica’s behavior becomes more erratic.


Tape subject : Sheri Holland, for abandoning Hannah after she crashed her car into a stop sign, which later caused the death of another student.

11 “Tape 6, Side A” Jessica Yu Diana Son March 31, 2017
Clay finally listens to his tape and is overcome with guilt because he could not do enough to prevent her suicide. In present day, Justin finds out Jessica is at Bryce’s. He confronts her there and admits that Bryce raped her on the night of the party. Olivia Baker, Olivia Baker, Olivia Baker, Olivia Baker, Olivia Baker, Olivia Baker,


Tape subject : Clay Jensen, for leaving Hannah at her request. However, Hannah notes that Clay does not deserve to be on the tapes (she confesses her admiration and fondness of him) but she says she added him because he knew many of the people who bullied her and she wanted him to know the full story.

12 “Tape 6, Side B” Jessica Yu Elizabeth Benjamin March 31, 2017
After accidentally losing her parent’s deposits which were supposed to go to the bank, a depressed Hannah stumbles upon a party thrown by Bryce. The night ends in tragedy when she ends up alone with him and he rapes her. In the present, Clay goes to Bryce’s house on the pretext of buying weed from him and confronts Bryce about the rape, taping his confession. Everyone on the list Olivia is found for the lawsuit between the Bakers and the school. The episode ends with an ambulance treating an unknown teenager with a gunshot wound to the head.


Tape subject : Bryce Walker, for raping Hannah in his hot tub.

13 “Tape 7, Side A” Kyle Patrick Alvarez Brian Yorkey March 31, 2017
Clay gives Tony the confession tape to copy. Hannah visits Mr. Porter, and tells him about her rape. Hannah secretly records the conversation, hoping Porter will help her. Suicide by cutting her wrists and arms when in a bathtub filled with water. In the present, Clay confronts Mr. Porter about meeting with Hannah on her last day. He also hands over the tapes with an additional tape with Bryce’s confession. Clay tells Porter that he is the subject of the final tape. The depositions continue, with all of them named confessing their faults except for Alex who attempts suicide and is in critical condition. Justin leaves his home and town out of guilt, but not before telling Bryce about the tapes. Jessica tells her father about her rape. Before his deposition, Tyler hides ammunition and guns in his room. At school, Clay reaches out to Skye, a classmate he previously noticed with scars on her wrists.


Tape subject : Mr. Porter, for not believing Hannah was suicidal and not for her own help.

Production

Universal Studios is a film directed by Hannah Baker , directed by Selena Gomez . [9] On October 29, 2015, it was announced that Netflix would be making a television adaptation of the book with Gomez instead serving as an executive producer. [10] Tom McCarthy was hired to direct the first two episodes. [11] The series is produced by Anonymous Content and Paramount Television with Gomez, McCarthy, Joy Gorman, Michael Sugar , Steve Golin , Mandy Teefey, and Kristel Laiblin serving as executive producers. [11]

The first season was the first to be held in the Northern Californian towns of Vallejo , Benicia , San Rafael , Crockett and Sebastopol during the summer of 2016. [12] [13] The first season and the special were released on Netflix on March 31, 2017. [14]

Therapy dogs were present for the actors because of the intense and emotional content of the series. [15]

On May 7, 2017 it was announced Netflix renewed the show for a second season. A short promo was released on the 13 Reasons Why Facebook account. [16]

Reception

Critical response

The performance and direction of the show, the visuals, the improvements in the material and the mature approach to dark and adult subject matter.

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes , the series has an approval rating of 86% based on 42 reviews, with an average score of 7.28 / 10. The site’s critical consensus reads, ” 13 Reasons Why Adolescents Grieve Their Adolescent Grievance”. [5] On Metacritic , the series has a score of 76 out of 100, based on 16 reviews, indicating “favorable reviews”. [17]

Jesse Schedeen of IGN praised 13 Reasons Why , giving it a 9.2 out of 10, “Amazing”, stating that the show is a very powerful and hard-hitting series and ranks among the best high school dramas of the 21st century ” . [18] Matthew Gilbert of The Boston Globe Globe Glowing for the show, saying that the drama is sensitive, consistently engaging, and, most importantly, unblinking. [19] Maureen Ryan of Variety asserts that the show “is undoubtedly sincere, but it is also, in many important ways, creatively successful” and called it “simply essential viewing”. [20] Leah Greenblatt of Entertainment Weekly gave the whole season a score of B +, calling the show “a frank, authentically affecting portrait of what it feels like to be young, lost and fragile for the world”. [21] Daniel Feinberg of the Hollywood Reporter also praised the show, calling it “a honorably mature piece of young-adult adaptation”, calling its performances, direction, relevance and maturity as some of the strongest points. [22] [23] [21] Daniel Feinberg of the Hollywood Reporter also praised the show, calling it “a honorably mature piece of young-adult adaptation”, calling its performances, direction, relevance and maturity as some of the strongest points. [22] [23] [21] Daniel Feinberg of the Hollywood Reporter also praised the show, calling it “a honorably mature piece of young-adult adaptation”, calling its performances, direction, relevance and maturity as some of the strongest points. [22] [23]

The cast’s performances, especially Katherine Langford as Hannah and Dylan Minnette as Clay, were frequently mentioned and widely lauded in several reviews. Schedeen of IGN Praised the cast, PARTICULARLY Minnette and Langford’s performance Stating. “Langford shines in the lead role … [and] embodies That optimism and That Profound sadness [of Hannah’s] as well Minnette’s Clay is, by design, has Much more stoic and reserved character. [18] Gilbert of the Boston Globe praised the chemistry of Langford and Minnette, saying that “watching these two actors together is pure pleasure”, while Schedeen of IGN also agreed, Feinberg of the Hollywood Reporter also praises both actors: “Langford’s heartbreaking openness makes you root for a Fate you know is not possible. The actress’ performance is full of dynamic range, setting it against Often Minnette’s more complicated task in Differentiating entre moods That mostly go from uncomfortable to to to gloomy red-eyed, hygiene-starved despair. ” [22] S heartbreaking openness makes you root for a fate you know is not possible. The actress’ performance is full of dynamic range, setting it against Often Minnette’s more complicated task in Differentiating entre moods That mostly go from uncomfortable to to to gloomy red-eyed, hygiene-starved despair. ” [22] S heartbreaking openness makes you root for a fate you know is not possible. The actress’ performance is full of dynamic range, setting it against Often Minnette’s more complicated task in Differentiating entre moods That mostly go from uncomfortable to to to gloomy red-eyed, hygiene-starved despair. ” [22]

Ryan of Variety is an American singer-songwriter and singer-songwriter. [20] Positive mentions from various critics, such as Ryan, Feinberg and Schedeen, were also given to the supporting cast of actors (especially Alisha Boe, Miles Heizer and Christian Navarro’s performance respectively of Jessica, Alex and Tony). Liz Shannon Miller of Indiewire , who enjoyed the show and gave it a glowing score of B +, gave praise to the racial, gender and complex diversity of its supporting cast of teens. [20] [18] [22] [24]

Another aspect of the show. Miller of Indiewire , who has given a positive review of the season, particularly his mentions that “the adult edges to this story ring with honesty and truth”, but also states that this makes the show difficult To watch at times. [24] Feinberg of The Hollywood Reporter aussi que la states show is very difficulty to watch at times, [22] while Schedeen of IGN states que le show is “year Often depressing and Even uncomfortable show to watch … a pretty emotionally draining experience,

Numerous critics also praised several aspects of the show. Featuring the best of both worlds, Gregg Araki and Carl Franklin’s ” Groundbreaking Gospel Praise the Storytelling “, [24] meanwhile Gilbert of the Boston Globepraises the storytelling: “The storytelling techniques are powerful … [as it] builds on the world established in the previous hour, as we continue to encounter new facets of Hannah’s life and new characters. [19]

Conversely, the series has also received criticism over its portrayal of teen angst. Mike Hale of The New York Times wrote a critical review, writing, “the show does not make [Hannah’s] downward progress convincing. He has been criticized the plot device that has Clay listening to the tapes one by one instead of all the other teens did, which Hale felt was unbelievable: “It makes no sense to anything but a plot device, and you’ll Find yourself, like Clay’s antagonists, yelling at him to listen to the rest of the tapes already. ” [25]

Writing for the Guardian , Rebecca Nicholson, “The Wonderful Life of Minnette and Walsh.” I have been there for a long time. ” Nicholson was skeptical that the show would appeal to older viewers, unlike other series in high school such as Freaks and Geeks and My So-Called Life : “It lacks the crossover wit of its forebears … It’s too tied up in conveying the “It’s to get better, ” and ‘

Washington Post television critic Hank Stuever wrote a negative review, finding 13 Reasons Why “contrived” and implausible: “There are 13 episodes lasting 13 super-sullen hours – a passive-aggressive, implausibly meandering, poorly written and awkwardly acted effort that mainly About miscommunication, delivering no more wisdom or insight about depression, bullying and suicide than one of those old ABC Afterschool Specialspeople now mock for being so corny. ” Hannah’s suicide tapes “a protracted example of the teenager who fantasizes how everyone will react when she’s gone. The story … strikes me as remarkably, even dangerously, naive in her understanding of suicide, up to and including A gruesome,

David Wiegand of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the series a tepid review, saying that it was plagued by character inconsistencies, particularly Hannah. He praised Langford’s “stunning performance” but noted, “There are times when we simply do not believe the characters, when what they do or say they are not consistent with … , [Hannah] is a self-possessed and indifferent at best to the behavior of the popular kids. , But the script pushes the bounds of credibility here and there. ” He noted that overall, the series worked: ”

The series has also been praised for teaching how to be able to learn how to live and to live. Some people cared and loved Hannah but instances and moments of pain and sadness pushed her to suicide. Hannah was treated differently by the people around her and had this experience of bullying and rape. [29]

Social impact

The series has a controversy over its portrayal of suicide and self-harm, causing it to add strong warnings prior to the first episode. School psychologists and educators have raised alarm about the series. The superintendent of Palm Beach County, Florida schools, reportedly Told Parents That Their schools HAD seen an Increase in suicidal and self-harm behavior from students, and That Reviews some of Those students “have articulated associations of Their at-risk behavior to the 13 Reasons Why Netflix series. ” [thirty]

The Australian youth mental health service for 12-25 year-olds, headspace , issued a warning in late April 2017 [31] [32] [33]

In response to the graphic in nature of the show and New Zealand’s high youth spleen suicide qui Was The Highest Among the 34 [No. 1] OECD countries During 2009 to 2012 [35] [36] the Office of Film and Literature Classification in the “RP18”, which means that a person who is not a citizen of the United States, or who is a citizen of the United States, [37] [38]

In response to the controversy, Gomez, one of the executive producers on 13 Reasons Why , defended the series. The author of this book, Joe Asher, is a well-known author and author of the book , “Gomez told Associated Press . “We wanted to do it justice, yeah, [the backlash is] gonna come no matter what.” It’s not an easy matter to talk about, but I’m very fortunate with how it’s doing. ” [39] [23]

In April 2017, the National Association of School Psychologists (NASP) released a statement regarding the series, saying: “Research shows that exposure to another person’s suicide, or to graphic or sensationalized accounts of death, Struggling with mental health conditions as a contemplate or attempt suicide. ” [40] The NASP responds to the NASP in response to a television show. [41]

In May 2017, the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology (SCCAP) released a statement about the health and safety of young people. Experienced trauma and may have been considering suicide. [42] The statement implored Netflix to add a tag Following Each episode with mental health resources and a reminder That depression and suicide Can Be Effectively Treated by a qualified mental health professional Such As a clinical child psychologist using evidence-based practice .

Similarly, clinical psychologists Such As Daniel J. Reidenberg and Erika Martinez, as well as mental health advocate MollyKate Cline of Teen Vogue magazine-have Expressed Concerns Regarding the risk of suicide contagion . [43] [44] [45] However, Eric Beeson, a counselor at The Family Institute at Northwestern University, noted that “it’s unlikely that one could trigger someone to attempt suicide.” [40]

Mental health professionals have also criticized the series’ depiction of suicide itself, much of which violates widely promulgated recommendations for reporting on actual suicides or depicting them in fiction in order to not encourage copycat suicides. [46] The final season, which depicts Hannah’s suicide in graphic detail, has been particularly criticized in this regard. [47] Nic Sheff, a writer for the show, has defended it as intended to dispel the myth that suicides “quietly drift off”, and recalled how he himself was deterred from a suicide attempt by recalling a survivor’s account of how painful and horrifying It was. [48]

The NASP statement also criticizes the show’s suggestion that the bullying alone led to a life-threatening illness without adequate coping mechanisms . Alex Moen, a school counselor in Minneapolis, has taken issue with the entire plotline as a “suddenly” You will not be able to do it anymore, you will not be able to do it,

Other counselors criticized the depiction of Hannah’s attempts at reaching out to Mr. Porter as dangerously misleading, since her suicidal ideations, but asserted her assault to the police without her identifying the assailant. Moen says, but Porter’s behavior in the series goes beyond that to being unethical and possibly illegal. “It’s ridiculous! Counselors are not police. We do not-have to launch an investigation. We bring whatever we do-have information to the police,” she Told Slate . [47]

In May 2017, the Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) along with the Center for Suicide Prevention (CSP) released a statement of similar concern to the NASP. The CMHA is concerned that the series may glamorize suicide, and that some content may lead to distress in viewers, and, particularly, in younger viewers. In addition, the portrayal of Hannah’s Suicide Prevention (CASP) and the American Association of Suicidology . While the CMHA and the show PSAP Praised for raising awareness about ” this preventable health concern ,” That They added: “awareness raising needs to be done in a safe and responsible Manner. Suggestions for suicide and suicide rates in suicide rates and suicide rates in the suicide bombing, They may simplify suicide, such as, by suggesting that bullying alone is the cause; Hollywood plot line; Hollywood plot line; Hollywood plot line; They may portray suicide as a logical or viable option; They may display graphic representations of suicide which may be harmful to viewers, especially young ones; And / or they may advance the false notion that suicides are a way to teach others a lesson. ” [49] [50] According to the CMHA and CASP, include the following: “They may simplify suicide, such as, by suggesting that bullying alone is the cause; they may make suicide appear romantic, such as, by putting it in the context of a Hollywood plot line They may portray suicide as a logical or viable option; they may display graphic representations of suicide which may be harmful to viewers, especially young ones; and / or they may advance the false notion that suicides are a way to teach others a lesson. ” [49] [50] According to the CMHA and CASP, include the following: “They may simplify suicide, such as, by suggesting that bullying alone is the cause; they may make suicide appear romantic, such as, by putting it in the context of a Hollywood plot line They may portray suicide as a logical or viable option; they may display graphic representations of suicide which may be harmful to viewers, especially young ones; and / or they may advance the false notion that suicides are a way to teach others a lesson. ” [49] [50] They may display graphic representations of suicide which may be harmful to viewers, especially young ones; And / or they may advance the false notion that suicides are a way to teach others a lesson. ” [49] [50] They may display graphic representations of suicide which may be harmful to viewers, especially young ones; And / or they may advance the false notion that suicides are a way to teach others a lesson. ” [49] [50]

Notes

  1. Jump up^ While there are 35 OECD countries, figures for 2009-2012 exclude Latvia, which became a member country on July 1, 2016. [34]

See also

  • Heathers , a 1988 film which deals with similar subject matter

References

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  3. Jump up^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 26, 2016). “Diana Son Joins Selena Gomez’s Netflix Series ’13 Reasons Why ‘As Showrunner” . Deadline . Archived from the original on September 17, 2016 . Retrieved September 16, 2016 .
  4. ^ Jump up to:i Andreeva, Nellie (June 8, 2016). ” ‘ 13 Reasons Why’ Netflix Series: Dylan Minnette & Katherine Langford Cast Lead” . Deadline . Archived from the original on September 14, 2016 . Retrieved September 16, 2016 .
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